Section 11 (b) of the Energy Act, 2019 states that the Authority shall “set, review and adjust electric power tariffs and tariff structures and investigate tariff charges, whether or not a specific application has been made for a tariff adjustment.”
Tariff review is a systematic process involving the following steps:
- Demand forecasting for the bulk and retail markets informed by an understanding of the social, economic, and political environment and their impact on the key parameters driving demand
- Generation and transmission planning to meet the forecast demand: This involves long range planning of the mix of generating capacity in terms of technology, and preferred developer: whether Public or Private Sector. It also involves planning for the transmission and distribution network development in order to enable the conveyance of the power generated to the final consumer. The outcome of this process is the 20-year rolling Least Cost Power Development Plan.
- Determination of the sector revenue requirements based on forecasts of costs likely to be incurred for generation, transmission, distribution and supply of power.
- Determination of marginal costs of generation, transmission, distribution and retailing; based on approved pricing periods.
- Allocation of total revenue requirement among approved customer classes on the basis of the marginal costs and price sensitivity
- Computation of initial retail tariff proposals
- Sensitivity analysis of the proposed retail tariffs in order to fine-tune the proposed retail tariffs.
- Public exposure of the proposed tariffs, leading to public debate and hearing
- Determination of the final retail tariffs
The schedule of Tariff 2022-2023-2025/2026, establishes cost items that incorporates the retail tariff charged by Kenya Power. The current applicable tariffs is as follows;
FCC, WARMA and FERFA are varied monthly, and the cost components published on the Kenya Gazette.